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Tulsa, Oklahoma

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Almost a Ghost Town

Below is an example of an almost ghost town in Oklahoma. The first is a combination of a town plat and directory listing for the town. Again these type plats were made by the Dawes Assessment Surveyors prior to the allotments to tribal members. These assessments were made to provide a value for all land and improvements that had been made before proper allotments could be done. If you wish you can read more about the Dawes Surveys at this link:

The Appraisal of Lands of the Choctaws and Chickasaws by the Dawes Commission

The town was mostly in the NW¼ of the SE¼ of Section 35. All distances are measured from known survey points. This means that from these survey points you can measure the distances and be right on top any of the buildings.

From the directory listing the population of the town was 150 circa 1900 and the town did grow before starting to dwindling down in the 1920 to 1930 timeframe. There was one general stores, two physicians, two drug stores, a cotton gin & mill, two groceries, two restaurants, one hotel, one blacksmith, and two livestock dealers listed at that time. R. H. Williams was the postmaster.

Here is a 1948 aerial of the town. You can see that a lot of the old structures were still standing at this time. You can see the football field set off on the Northeast corner of the school building.

Here is the Google Earth aerial covering the area of the town.

And a zoom in of the school ruins.

And a USGS Topo of the area.

Below is a flyer advertising a W.O.W. (Woodmen of the World) two day picnic to be held on picnic grounds East of the town. These type picnic grounds would be used almost every weekend during the summer by one group or another. Some were in use for 20 to 30 years from the 1880’s to the 1930’s. The larger organizations like the W.O.W. would draw as many as 2000 people to their 2 & 3 day picnics with camping on the grounds. The towns themselves around the major holidays, Memorial Day, Fouth of July, and Labor Day would contract with carnival companys to set up on the picnic grounds. The carnival companies would bring in steam merry-go-rounds, shooting galleries, arcade games, side shows, and other amusements.

Again there is a lot of good research material out there on the internet for all us metal detectorist, use it. And a good starting point are the “Related Links” on the ITTHC website. Thought all might like to see an another example.

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